Can Tech Earnings Reverse Poor Results From Banks & Airlines?

The following research was contributed to by Christine Short, VP of Research at Wall Street Horizon.

Key Takeaways

  • Q4 earnings reports continued to rattle investors as banks, airlines and Netflix  disappoint
  • Big tech earnings out this week and expectations are high, can they turn the season around?
  • The Delayer/Advancer ratio remains steady at 0.8, ie: more companies are advancing earnings releases in a vote of confidence around results
  • Less companies are decreasing dividend payments than the 5-year average, but less are increasing as well 
  • Peak earnings season begins next week and stretches through February 25 

Banks, Airlines and Netflix Prolong Tepid Start to Earnings Season

Earnings season is getting off to a rough start for Q4, something we’re not used to seeing as S&P 500 companies tend to easily surpass profit expectations quarter after quarter. Things kicked off on the wrong foot with the big banks, specifically JPMorgan, Citigroup, and Goldman Sachs, and while Bank of America and Morgan Stanley were somewhat able to redeem the financials last week, negative commentary from other reporters such as the airlines weighed on the markets. 

United Airlines and American Airlines both surpassed top and bottom-line expectations when they reported, but warned that Omicron was hitting near-term demand, causing both to lower Q1 estimates. Add to that rising costs, and new 5G technology deployed by AT&T and Verizon that could interfere with aviation equipment and therefore disrupt travel, and the picture for airlines starts to look uglier. We’ll hear from Jetblue, Southwest and Alaska Airlines next week.

The blended EPS growth rate for companies in the S&P 500 currently stands at 21.8% according to FactSet, up slightly from the 21.7% expectation from last week. If this is the final number, it will mark the fourth straight quarter of EPS growth above 20%. Revenues are expected to come in at 12.9%, unchanged from last week, in what would be the fourth consecutive quarter of double-digit sales growth. 

Big Tech Begins Reporting this Week

It wasn’t only disappointing earnings that rattled the markets last week, but surging bond yields which reflected the expectation that short-term interest rates will rise, with the 2-year Treasury rate surpassing 1% and the 10-year topping 1.9%, both the highest numbers seen in 2 years. The sell-off was specifically seen in growth stocks, read: tech names. 

Many of those big tech companies will report Q4 results this week and give guidance for Q1 and FY 2022. IBM, Microsoft and Apple are out this week, and analysts are expecting double-digit profit growth for all three, but that precipitously drops off for the first two quarters of year.

corporate earnings results dates by company week january 24 25 26 27 28 image

The Delayer/Advancer Ratio Holds Steady at 0.8 – Indicating More Companies are Advancing Earnings Reports in Q1 for the Q4 Reporting Season

Each earnings season we track whether companies report sooner, later, or in-line with their historical reporting date. Academic research shows that when a company delays earnings, bad news typically follows on the earnings call. Similarly, advancing an earnings date is highly correlated with good news being shared on the quarterly call. We find the delayer/advancer ratio to be a good indicator of corporate health. 

Looking at just US companies with a market cap greater than $250M, the delayer/advancer (D/A) ratio for Q4 earnings holds steady at 0.8, meaning slightly more companies are advancing earnings than delaying them. This is below the 10-year average of 1.1, and a good sign of what could be shared on upcoming earnings releases. It’s important to keep in mind, however, that it is still very early in the season, and less than half of the companies in our universe have confirmed earnings dates at this juncture. 

The chart below shows the D/A ratio for each of the last 10 years as well as for Q1 2022, and outlier counts (delayers and advancers) for each period.

company earnings announcements delay advance outlier chart 1q 2022

Largest Number of Unchanged Dividend Payments in 5 Years 

Looking beyond earnings expectations to determine the health of corporate America, dividend announcements provide a good picture of how these companies are giving back to shareholders. Thus far, of the 279 dividend announcements in Q1, 5% of companies have decreased, 19% have increased and 76% have remained unchanged.

company dividend changes by quarter last 5 years chart image

Earnings Wave

This season peak weeks will fall between January 31 – February 25, with February 24 predicted to be the most active day with 820 companies anticipated to report. Only ~43% of companies have confirmed at this point (out of our universe of 9,500+ global names), so this is subject to change. The remaining dates are estimated based on historical reporting data. Keep in mind the Q4 reporting season is always a bit more prolonged, typically stretching over 4 peak weeks rather than the usual 3 peak weeks seen in Q1 – Q3.

corporate earnings announcements by week first quarter 2022 chart image

For more information on the data sourced in this report, please email: info@wallstreethorizon.com 

Wall Street Horizon provides institutional traders and investors with the most accurate and comprehensive forward-looking event data. Covering 9,000 companies worldwide, we offer more than 40 corporate event types via a range of delivery options from machine-readable files to API solutions to streaming feeds. By keeping clients apprised of critical market-moving events and event revisions, our data empowers financial professionals to take advantage of or avoid the ensuing volatility.

christine short - wall street horizon

Christine Short, VP of Research at Wall Street Horizon, is focused on publishing research on Wall Street Horizon event data covering 9,000 global equities in the marketplace. Over the past 15 years in the financial data industry, her research has been widely featured in financial news outlets including regular appearances on networks such as CNBC and Fox to talk corporate earnings and the economy.

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